Out of left (star) field. Here’s a succinct tutorial on buying a telescope that my friend Ben Gomes Casseres emailed me which I thought might be of general interest. You can see Ben’s own astronomy work here.
If you are thinking of buying a telescope (or giving one as a gift), Ben says:
The place to go to browse is http://www.oriontelescopes.com. They have advice on entry-level telescopes and such. Have Dick review what is available there and then let me know….I can help select among options. I am not sure what you can get for 500-1000, as there is a tendency for them to sell things for kids that are very cheap that are not worth it (poor optics, or flimsy mount, or just over-promising.)
As a general rule: Don’t skimp on the mount (heavy is good) or on the size of the “objective” (essentially the “width of the tube”…no less than 3” if a “refractor” type and no less than 6″ if a “reflector” type). At the same time, make it something easy to set up and take out of the box, or else it won’t be used. Don’t be fooled by “power” as most observing is done at 50x to 150x and anything higher is usually wasted. Leave some funds for books and atlas to help find things and see what is interesting to observe on a given night; and perhaps a subscription to “Sky and Telescope” (the standard in amateur astronomy) or “Astronomy” (more basic). The sites for these mags also have reviews that may be helpful.
You may find that a 3″ refractor (has a lens in front) on a nice mount might work; some are shorter than others (more $$) and offer wider fields of view. Or a “catadioptric” (lens in front + mirror in back and the optical path is folded on itself and so compressed in size) in the range of 6-8″. The most popular for many people is a 8″ Meade or Celestron catadioptric, which comes with mount and everything, but it is over 1k I would think. But check those out, as they are pretty good as one-size-fits-all instruments. Many other instruments are best for planets and moon but not for star fields and nebulas, or best for the latter but not the former.
A great pair of binoculars (7×50), such as Fujinon or other high quality, is also very nice and may be a good way to start. There are books on “roaming the sky with binoculars” (see Sky and Tel website) and in dark skies you can see a lot of wide-angle stuff. But that does not give views of moon and planets.
Hope this helps as guidance.